The Duomo construction began in 1386, the facade, built on the orders of Napoleon was finished only in 1813. However, we can say that the construction of the cathedral is never finished, this is shown by the constant activity of the “Veneranda Fabbrica del Duomo“.
Here are some useful links:
– Piazza del Duomo
The style of the Cathedral, is the result of secular works, it does not respond to a specific movement, but follows a mammoth and phantasmagoric “gothic” idea gradually reinterpreted. Despite the contradictions and stylistic architecture, the cathedral looks like a single body. The giant stone machine fascinates and attracts the popular imagination, also by virtue of its ambiguity, second thoughts, discontinuity, and, sometimes, second best.
Its real name, visible on the facade is “Santa Maria Nascente”.
The beautiful white marble, blue and pink veined, was given by Gian Galeazzo Visconti. The blocks of marble were transported from Lake Maggiore and arrived in the city sailing along the Ticino river and the Naviglio Grande (Milan Canal), to be deposited in the lake of St. Stephen.
The Cathedral is one hundred fifty-seven meters long and between the sixty-six and ninety-two meters wide. Inside there are the 52 huge columns like the one in the picture.
Impressive are also the thirty-nine stained glass windows in which are represented Saint’s stories and the Old Testament.
The internal capacity of the the Duomo is 40,000 people.
The Duomo most famous “piece” is the San Bartolomeo Scorticato (1562) by Marco d’Agrate, where the saint shows the skin thrown on the shoulders like a stole.
Here a “Madonna dell’Albero” Chapel picture, this chapel was designed by Francesco Maria Ricchino (1614).
In front of the chapel there are the tombstones of various archbishops, among others Federico Borromeo’s one, and the “Candelabro Trivulzio”, a majestic bronze work donated by the archpriest G. A. Trivulzio in 1562: it is a masterpiece of Gothic sculpture, it was probably made in the twelfth century and attributed to Nicolas de Verdun or to some Rhenish artists working between the end of the fourteenth century and the begging of the fifteenth .
The Zodiac signs of the Duomo’s sundial.
In the end does not remain that take a ride along the whole perimeter of the Duomo to admire its beautiful outlook and numerous statues.
In the book Micol issues a challenge, to find 3 special statues:
– the Andersen Mermaid
– Primo Carnera
– The Rat with the severed head
For the moment: Micol 3, Marco 0. In any case before the end of 101 points project, I will publish a photo of each of the three statues.
Very nice is also the square that hosts the cathedral, Piazza del Duomo, its actual appearance is the result of the renovations made by the architect Giuseppe Mengoni, that in the period between 1865-1873 had significantly enlarge the former cathedral churchyard.
At the center of the square stands the equestrian statue of Vittorio Emanuele II, which depicts the king leading the soldiers in the Battle of San Martino.
On the base you can see a relief depicting the entrance of the Piedmontese troops in Milan during the War of Independence. On the sides of the statue there are two marble lions.
Pictures © 2010 Rimoldi Marco The complete album is available on flickr.
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